Airlines of the united states aviation

A Summary of the Article

Having been plagued by uncontrolled fuel prices, several bankruptcies, and consumer displeasure, the US aviation industry in 2005 faced probably the worst labor unrest in the history of the airline industry. The 2005 airline industry strikes brought to mind the disruptions experienced in the 80s and 90s when carriers such as the Eastern Airways, Continental Airlines, World Airways, and Pan-American were ruined by the anger of their workforce who saw their jobs vanish in the wake of benefits and pay cuts. This unrest resulted in the grounding of Pan Am and Eastern Airways. These forces came again to bear in 2005. All seven principal airways in the United States of America reduced their benefits, spending, wages, and jobs. In the end, they managed to cut billions in expenses and thousands of jobs (Davies, 2007).

The US Airlines and the United Airlines did so undergrounds of bankruptcy, which protected them from going under. Upon asking and fielding their case for bankruptcy, they asked Judges to allow them to terminate their contractual agreements with their employees and replace them with affordable agreements. They also requested to be allowed to terminate conventional pension agreements for their employees’ moves that in the end helped them to save billions. This brought strike threats that were led by the association of flight attendants: a labor union organization that began carrying out a strike authorization vote amongst its members employed by the US Airways (Fisher, 2009).

However, according to federal law, flight attendants are not permitted to engage in industrial action unless they terminate their contracts. On the other hand, if the contracts are set aside by bankruptcy courts, the unions would be free to continue with their industrial action albeit under obligatory rules. Following this ruling by the courts, the labor unions breathed a sigh of relief and backed the court’s judgment that their case was different from a negotiated contract.   On the other hand, the airlines maintained that this ruling was illegal. The airline companies, still shocked by this ruling, kept their eyes on the rising price of jet fuel that had risen by 74% in 2003. According to analysts, local airlines that in a period spanning five years had already lost $30 billion had been projected to lose a further $5.6 billion in 2004. In addition, indications were high that they could lose even more in 2005 in case the rise in fuel prices was not contained (Maynard, 2004).

Despite these concerns, the South West Airlines Chairman, Herbert D. Kelleher, was upbeat about the US Airline industry and cited different issues in this regard. According to him, in spite of whether fuel prices were low, high or medium, the airline industry as a whole had experienced profound and deep changes. He was even optimistic that by the mid of 2005, the US Airline industry would have had experienced lower process and substantial competition. Herbart believed that the US aviation industry was already doing good and that the crisis was just but part of what needed to make it do better. Though planes in the US Airline industry were busy in most of 2004, the industry started noise driving in August of the same year. This provoked the Airline industry led by companies renowned for their low fares like Jet Blue and South West to provide winter and fall sales earlier than the norm and they even offered extensions (Morris, 2012).

Economic analysts projected South West Airlines, which was the largest amongst the low fair companies, to be the only major profitable airline in 2004. This stemmed from the reports that in 2003, it had achieved two different high points. Firstly, it started offering its services from Philadelphia, which was a big challenge to US Airways that had boasted of having monopolized the route for many years. Secondly, it overtook the Delta Airlines and at this point in history, became the largest mover of airborne passengers within the USA (Davies, 2007).

However, before the end of 2004, it was faced with a daunting task. For instance, it had to decide the cities it needed to add to its flight schedules in a bid to contain its many new aircrafts. Jet Blue also faced similar dilemmas. Long perceived by analysts to be the best company on Wall Street for its non-union operations and low costs, it shocked many observers when it posted ridiculous financial results in two separate quarters (Fisher, 2009).

In 2005, Jet blue was busy in the process of delivering its new regional jets. Its esteemed customers were eagerly waiting to know if they would be invited to fly in its 30 new cities that it had added to its flight schedule given the industry’s problems. David L. Gregory, a law professor, argued that the US Airline industry will several years down the line look back at 2005 with awe for the intensity of these upheavals would be more manifest after about eight years (Maynard, 2004).

My Reflections about the Article

I agree with the fact that the 2005 US airline crisis was probably the worst at that point in time in the history of the US aviation industry. However, the experiences of the 80s and 90s do not even come close to the experiences following the September 11 2001 attacks where everyone in the US aviation industry, including passengers had to think twice on whether to continue working in the industry or not. This was practical because it was a matter of choosing between life and death and not putting food on the table (Maynard, 2004).

As much as I agree with the fact that by the US airlines cutting on their employees’ benefits, spending, wages and jobs they managed to save billions, I do not agree with their action for it was not legal. The only companies that did this legally were the US Airlines and the United Airlines who quoted grounds of bankruptcy that allowed them to take such action under the US industrial law.

I do not agree with the ruling of the court that allowed the Flight attendants to continue with their strike, citing that their contract was not a negotiated agreement. This is because a contract, whether negotiated or not should be respected. The rise in fuel prices has been there for centuries. Since 2005, jet fuel prices have soared sometime with very big margins but this has not caused problems in the US airline sector (Morris, 2012).

My opinion is that other underlying factors in the US aviation industry that were behind this problem. In this regard, I totally agree with the South West Airlines Chairman, Herbert D. Kelleher who cited different issues. According to him, in spite of whether fuel prices were low, high or medium, the airline industry as a whole had experienced profound and deep changes. He was even optimistic that by the mid of 2005, the US Airline industry would have had experienced lower process and substantial competition (Fisher, 2009).

As much as most of the US Airlines made losses in 2004, I do not agree with the fact that South West Airlines that was the largest amongst the low fair companies was projected to be the only major airline to be profitable in 2004. This is because the US airline industry as a whole made a net profit of $17 billion in the year 2004, in spite of the challenges of labor unrest and rising fuel costs (Maynard, 2004).

David L. Gregory, a law professor, was very right in his remarks that the US Airline industry will several years down the line look back at 2005 with awe for the intensity of these upheavals would be more manifest after about eight years. One of the monumental outcomes that are already affecting other industrial disputes today is the ruling made by the court upon hearing the RLA status quo provisions and the Airline disputes. In a case that pitied the North American Airlines against the international brotherhood of Teamsters, the jury in their opinion cited the Railway labor act of 1926. In addition, following their interpretation, they ruled that the independent adjustment of working conditions are not prevented in circumstances where there is no preceding joint bargaining accord, in spite of any imminent negotiations. This case has continued to be debated by analysts and critics alike on whether the RLA status quo as duly interpreted by the Supreme Court and sufficiently served the initial objective intended by the RLA in ensuring that labor disputes were peaceably resolved (Davies, 2007).





Davies, R.E.G.(2007) Airlines of the United States since 1914. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Fisher D, (2009) The Age of flight: a history of America’s pioneering Airline. Geenceboro,NC: Pace Communications.

Maynard, M. (2004, December). On The Rise: Labor Unrest and Jet Fuel. The New York Times, 287 (2), 12

Morris E. (June, 18, 2012). United shows off new operations center. Chicago: Sun Times. 123 (8), 43.



Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper