Environmental Issues in The Cruise Industry
The cruise industry contributes to different forms of environmental pollution that affect and destroy both marine ecologies and affect human activities. Cruise ships contribute mostly to water pollution, air pollution and destruction of naturally occurring habitats. Dickinson & Vladimir (2007) say that cruise ships lead to eater pollution through the release of greywater, black water and bilge water. Greywater is the wastewater that is produced from preparations and cleaning of substances within the ship as well as showers from passengers and crew. It is the largest source of water waste on the ship. Greywater is harmful to the marine environment because it contains numerous harmful substances such as detergents, grease and oil, food waste, harmful bacteria and even medical waste. The release of greywater in the oceans is unregulated and thus highly contributing to pollution. Dickinson & Vladimir (2007) explain that black water is made up of human waste and human sewerage, and it is also released into the seas and ocean.
This pollutes the water because it is made up of bacteria, parasites and substances from medical waste that may lead to the death of infection of the fish in the sea. Bacteria from human excretion also lead to the growth of algae which compete with the fish for oxygen in the water. Lastly, water pollution is added onto by bilge water which contains fuel and petroleum from the ship and other wastes that are formed from cleaning the engines and machinery in the ship. These wastes cutoff airflow in the ocean because the oil and petrol forms a layer in the sea.
The cruise industry leads to air pollution also. Dickinson & Vladimir (2007) state that ships contain an exhaust pipe that releases carbon produced in the engines and other machinery in the ship. The kind of fuel used in the ship contributes to the amount of smoke and exhaust that will be released into the atmosphere. The fuel in cruise ships contains a lot of Sulphur which is emitted as exhaust when the fuel burns. This leads to death of aquatic birds that are necessary to balance the ecosystem. Lastly, MacNeill & Wozniak (2018) say that cruise ships affect the environment by destroying natural habitats in the seas.
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