Healthcare providers’ contribution in health


Paved with Good Intentions

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Paved with Good Intentions article.

Healthcare providers’ contribution towards racial and ethnic disparities in health

The article provides an extensive amount of evidence and illustration of how healthcare providers participate and contribute to racial or ethnic inequalities in the healthcare sector. The article’s authors provide a review of the evidence showing how healthcare providers contribute to both racial/ethnic inequalities. This is through the description of a casual model which illustrates an assimilated set of hypothesis in which the behavior of healthcare providers could contribute to these disparities. The article illustrates several ways in which healthcare providers influence and contribute to these disparities. With this, it is, therefore, vital to discuss how this is possible.

Healthcare providers could affect how those seeking help view themselves and their interaction with the world. According to the article, “healthcare providers could unintentionally or intentionally reflect and reinforce societal messages regarding help seekers’ fundamental value, self-reliance, competence, and deservingness.” Following this quote, it is clear that a healthcare provider could deliberately or accidentally reinforce the societal message of lower expectations for a help seeker from a certain societal position due to his or her ethnicity, class, race, education, or income (Ryn & Fu, 2003). This could result in the individual seeking help being influenced towards a certain expectation, especially in their future experiences. It can, therefore, change the help seeker’s mindset and expectations in obtaining help and resources. It can also impact having any expectations of improvements in the faced or current conditions, which could lead to ethnic and racial disparities being experienced in the healthcare sector.

The influence resulting from the mode of communication applied by the healthcare providers towards the individual seeking help could also have a high impact on ethnic and racial disparity. According to the article, “disparities in communications regarding health promotion and disease prevention behavior and services may account for an additional portion of documented health disparities.” This shows that the form of communication applied by the health care providers has great influence and contribution towards ethnic and racial disparity in the health care system. Also, healthcare providers have great input towards disparities in the health care system through factors such as differential services and treatment to the help seekers. Reduction or loss of rights or benefits could also have a high contribution. Practicing any form of differential treatment towards the help seekers from a disadvantaged group due to their ethnic or social position has great input to the individual’s view on health care providers and the experience in general and, therefore, has a great contribution to ethnic and racial disparity. It is therefore right to conclude that the article provides a clear illustration of how health care providers contribute towards ethnic and racial inequalities.

How does stereotype application work, and when is it applied?

The article illustrates how several types of research provide an illustration of social categorization in humans. It also demonstrates how humans apply stereotyping when in need of making sense of other humans. Humans have an adaptive reasoning method that they apply to make the world a manageable place. This is through categorization and generalization; it helps them to simplify the high amount of available information available to them. This method is effective to humans since it makes cognitive reasoning simpler by reducing effort used, therefore freeing reasoning effort to tackle other issues. Through the application of this process, humans create their own beliefs and viewpoints about a certain category of people. They then generalize these viewpoints and beliefs to all humans to whom they assign to a certain group.

When an individual is grouped in a certain group, they are also unintentionally assigned the features of that group; this is described to be “stereotype application” (Ryn & Fu, 2003). Despite most humans not agreeing to have participated in stereotyping, they are quick to describe and even list some of the characteristics relating to certain groups of people, such as new Yorker and welfare mothers, to mention a few. These categorizations of people have a high influence on how humans perceive others. It also impacts what to expect from a certain category of people and also how to behave towards them. This, therefore, shows that a human is unlikely to apply immunity towards their fellows following this categorization.




Ryn, M. v., & Fu, S. S. (2003). Paved With Good Intentions: Do Public Health and Human Service Providers Contribute to Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health? NCBI.



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