Legitimacy of Democracy summary.

Legitimacy of Democracy

Democracy can be considered the best way of forming a government because it involves all or the majority of the members of the society for which it is created. One feature that makes democracy an effective response to epistocracy is democratic deliberation. Although democratic deliberation is criticised as unable to transform people’s minds, results from political science and social psychology make it the heart of deliberative democracy (Landemore, n.d.). Democratic deliberation as a practice of democracy can be seen as an averaging of the ideas and decisions of individuals through participation in various activities of government formation. The purpose of those in authority is to represent the interests of the masses that make up a large part of society. Epistocratic government makes no consideration of the majority’s views, but they believe that their knowledge is sufficient to provide the best leadership. It is not always the best form of government, even though their high level of expertise can be approved.

The legitimacy of democracy as a response to epistocracy is also a homogenisation of individual attitudes and group decisions. Democracy can be seen as collective decision-making that is achieved through voting. The legitimacy of a political system lies in its allowance of every individual’s participation, regardless of their status, in the voting process (Gastil, 2007). Voting is considered a sacred act of democracy because it is through it that everyone can voice their decision and thought. As much as voting is an important element of democracy, other elements of a democratic government make it legitimate. These include freedom of expression and association. These are important because the democratic process involves association before deliberation on the best voting strategies. It is common for democratic nations to have periods of campaigning to pitch their ideas and agenda before the public is elected.  These campaigns are possible because of the freedom of expression and association.

Society is a fragmented structure with people occupying different classes that have been classified according to their economic level in most cases. There are those at the top of the economic ladder, while there are those at the bottom and are usually considered the poor or marginalised. These groups receive most of the suffering that affects society. The ability of a government to address the problems experienced by these groups and allow them to contribute to the governance gives it some level of legitimacy. Democracy gives all people and groups equal rights to air their voice through voting to participate in politics (Mork, 2019). It gives the minority groups a chance to have their rights addressed because they are usually the recipients of oppression. Ideologies keep on changing with time, and democracy provides for this change because of its flexibility. When people develop different ideologies and desires about the form of government they desire, they exercise it through democratic voting.

The formation of government can be viewed as a philosophical and political practice. A philosophical view is concerned with what is theoretically acceptable, while a political


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