Socioeconomic Causes and Effects of Racism

Socioeconomic Causes and Effects of Racism

Racism is directly caused by the belief that some races or groups are superior to others. In most cases, racism is based on the false idea that different physical characteristics, such as the color of one’s skin, make certain people better than others.

The problem of racism is inherent in attitude; in the fear and ignorance people have of others who are different than them. Racism is not limited to prejudice and discrimination against black and colored people. The Holocaust, during which six million Jews were murdered, represents one of the most heinous examples of racism ever seen (Lewis, 1998).

Racism is a fear people that people possess of others who are different, regarding language, sex, color or nationality, usually causes racism (Searing, 1989). This fear is instigated by beliefs and stereotypes that are passed between different generations.

Racism is a dangerous way of thinking that can result in great harm for those who are the targets of racial discrimination. Racist propaganda has been used in the past to bond a country together and has resulted in mass hatred for groups of people.

According to Ridgeway, racism is often violent. In his book, he describes a racist crime,.”..Everybody jumped on him, beat the hell out of him… Everybody was hitting him or kicking him. One guy was kicking at his spine. Another guy hitting on the side of the face… He was unconscious. He was bleeding. Everybody had blood on their forearms. We ran back up the hill laughing…He should have died… He lost so much blood he turned white. He got what he deserved” (Ridgeway, p. 167.)

The group of white supremacists, who performed this random act of racial violence in 1990, had no reason to cruelly beat their victim other than the fact that he was Mexican (Ridgeway, p. 167).

By describing someone as “racially inferior” and dangerous, dictators can unite their people in hatred, rendering them unable to see the problems within their own community (Racissmus, 2003).

Racist people judge others solely on their appearances and view certain races as biologically inferior. Racists perceive themselves as superior. The consequences of racism are very serious, as demonstrated during the Holocaust, when millions of Jews were “discriminated against, exploited, tortured, and finally industrially killed (Racissmus, 2003).”

Racism was also seen in its worst during the early days of slavery, when whites “owned” blacks simply because they were seen as inhuman.

Many people mistakenly believe that racism and discrimination is the same thing. However, discrimination occurs when someone is treated less favorably due to skin color, race, nationality or national or ethnic origin, while racism is based on a belief that one race is superior to another.

The effects of racism are frightening and one of the most heinous examples of the effects of racism can be seen in the history of South Africa. Until 1994, South Africa practiced apartheid, meaning that all South Africans were classified specifically according to their race (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2003). An entirely white government ran the country and passed a series of apartheid laws.

In the Afrikaans language, the word apartheid is translated into separateness. This word is very appropriate because apartheid was actually a form of government that caused racial segregation within South Africa.

The apartheid laws called for the separation of races in South Africa. This meant that blacks and whites were separated in all places, including places of worship, schools, restaurants, buses, public areas, workplaces, houses, and parks.

The laws established were designed to enforce restrictions based solely upon race. Under these racist laws, South Africa became the first country in the world to legalize racism, allowing the legal discrimination of people-based entirely upon the color of their skin.

Perhaps one of the most tragic occurrences in apartheid South Africa was the initiation of tests to determine black people from colored people, who were seen as a mixed race, from white people (Gutteridge, 1995).

As a result, many members of the same family were separated, simply because the tests determined that they were a different color. These tests determined where an individual lived, worked and socialized, based on the color of their skin and hair, and the shape of their lips.

As a result of apartheid, the black population, which made up almost 80% of South Africa, was stripped of their rights as citizens. Blacks were no longer allowed to vote and were forced to carry identity documents, which described which areas they were permitted to be in.

According to research, there are four factors that contribute to the formation of racism (Van Dijk, 1995). The first is known as grouping, and occurs when certain groups perceive others as outsiders and exclude them. This creates feelings of superiority and inferiority.

Scapegoating occurs when a particular group is blamed when something goes wrong. For example, ethnic minorities in a country are often used as a scapegoat during times of economic crisis. In Germany, the Nazis blamed the Jews for their problems. In South Africa, the blacks were seen as the problem.

Another factor that causes racism is power. In many cases, one group’s desire to become more powerful than another creates a sense of racism and discrimination.

In addition, fear and ignorance are contributing factors to racism. People create stigmas and assign scapegoats because they are afraid. This fear often stems from ignorance, as people fear what they do not understand.

For example, many people in South Africa stated that they “don’t like blacks” (Gutteridge, 1995, p. 311). Psychologists believe that this statement is an example of xenophobia and stems from ignorance and fear.

In South Africa, a white minority group that held economic and political power implemented and maintained, through apartheid, a regimented separation between white, black, colored and Indian members of society in order to maintain and support its own supremacy.

The effects of this outright racism were shocking. During the years of apartheid in South Africa, white racism caused incredible amounts of violence, poverty, poor education and police brutality (Thompson, 1995).

The apartheid measures taken by the all-white government perfected racial segregation through political, social, cultural and economical discrimination against blacks. As a result, everyone in the country was classified as black, colored, Asian and white, and their positions and benefits were based on these classifications.

Blacks were restricted to specific types of jobs, curtailed labor unions, and denied political, y social, economic and cultural rights on the basis of their race (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2003). In addition, the government created homelands, in which all blacks were sent to live in, despite the fact that they were born and raised in other areas of South Africa.

Black children were forced to accept Afrikaans as their language in school. As a result of this outrageous racism, blacks and other minority groups resisted the laws and caused riots, in which thousands of lives were lost.

Fortunately, after a tremendous struggle and the deaths of thousands of innocent people, apartheid has been dismantled. In April 1994, after 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first black president (Thompson, 1995).

In spite of the fact that the blacks and other minority groups in South Africa today enjoy political rights, the effects of racism are still seen in the country, as blacks still occupy the positions of economic, cultural and social inferiority that continue to be a source of major political conflict in the nation.

The effects of apartheid are heinous, and include poverty, malnutrition, infectious diseases and violence. These effects carry a harsh legacy. According to recent research, blacks make up 95% of the 18 million people living below the minimum standard of life, with 60% of this group living in total poverty.

Illiteracy is a huge problem, as an estimated three million adults, the majority of whom are black, are functionally illiterate. The effects of racism live on in South Africa, despite the fact that apartheid has been broken.

Unfortunately, even in modern society, racism remains a fact of life. Determinations about children based on race are made by teachers, school principals, high school guidance counselors, and many others, with results that cut across socioeconomic lines and place young minorities in the ranks of the disadvantaged, despite how much money their parents have or how talented they are (Fish, 1993).

Racism is a social and cultural fact, and while its effects may be diminished by socioeconomic variables, the effects of racism are still very strong in the world today. Until people get can past their hatred and ignorance, it is likely that racism will remain a dominant force.


South Africa, History of.” Encyclopedia Britannica 2003 Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 16 Mar, 2003. retrieved on the Internet at:

Fish, Stanley. Reverse Racism, or How the Pot Got to Call the Kettle Black. The Atlantic, November, 1993.

Gladwell, Malcolm. “The Subtler Shades of Racism.” Washington Post, July 15, 1991, A3.

Gutteridge, William (ed.) South Africa. From Apartheid to National Unity, 1894-1994. Dartmouth, 1995.

Lewis, Bernard. The Historical Roots of Racism. American Scholar, Winter 1998.

Racissmus. Racism – a dangerous phenomenon, 2003. Retrieved on the Internet at

Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face: The Ku Klux Klan, Aryan Nations, Nazi Skinheads, and the Rise of a New White Culture. Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1995.

Searing, Susan. Racism and Homophobia: Readings to Raise Awareness. Women’s Transit Authority, March, 1989.

Thompson, Leonard. A History of South Africa. London, 1995.

Van Dijk, Teun. Communicating Racism. Sage, May 13, 1995, p 41-3.

The Socioeconomic Causes and Effects of Racism

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper