Telecommunications industry Term Paper 11 pages

Telecommunications industry has transformed the manner in which people communicate around the world. Today, there are several companies that are leaders in the telecommunications industry, particularly as it relates to cellular phones and MP3 Players. The purpose of this discussion is to provide a history of Motorola, Samsung, Nokia, Verizon, T-Mobile, SprintNextel, and Cingular. This discussion will also provide information concerning the MP3 and Mobile phones that these companies offer. Now let us begin our discussion with the history of Motorola.


The founding company to Motorola, the Galvin Manufacturing Corporation, was created in 1928 by brothers Paul and Joseph Galvin. The Chicago-based company developed the first product in 1928 — a battery eliminator (Motorola History). This product allowed radios to run on household electric currents. The company went on the create a car radio and a police cruiser radio receiver in 1930 and 1936 respectively. The company went on to create several other types of radios and in 1943 the company went public. In 1950 the company was responsible for the creation of the very first commercial high-power resistor (Motorola History). The company developed its now famous Logo in 1955. During the 1960’s the company created the world’s first rectangular television tube and in 1969 it was a Motorola radio responder that relayed the first words from the moon (Motorola History).

The company’s venture into mobile phones came in 1983 when it created the first portable cellular phone in the world — the Motorola DynaTAC phone (Motorola History). During the 1990’s the company developed the initial HDTV standard in addition to the first digital phone that featured Global System for mobile communications. In 2000 the company worked with Cisco systems to develop the first commercial General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) cellular network (Motorola History). In 2003, the Motorola A760 cellular phone was created as the world’s first handset to merge a Linux operating system and Java technology with full PDA functionality (Motorola History). In 2004, the wildly popular Razor phone was created and in 2006 the smart phone was developed. The smart phone is unique because it uses handwriting software to recognize language (Motorola History).

Currently the company offers several types of mobile phones including phones that feature digital cameras and MP3 players. These phones include the. In addition, some of these phones such as the MOTORAZR â„¢ Maxx Ve. This device provides, touch-sensitive music controls in addition to advanced music technology (MOTORAZR â„¢ Maxx Ve). The device allows customers to download Music and video and listen to them on a Bluetooth stereo headset (MOTORAZR â„¢ Maxx Ve).


Samsung actually consists of a combination of companies known as the Samsung Group. With these group of companies is Samsung electronics which specializes in the development of electronic devices (History Hall Tour). Samsung Electronics industries was created in 1969 and the first service center for the company was created in 1972. In 1974 the company acquired 50% share in the Korea Semiconductor Company (History Hall Tour). In 1078 the company established a local sales subsidiary in America and in the same year the company’s exports reached $100 million. During the 1980’s the company created its first 64k dram and developed several semiconductors (History Hall Tour).

During the 1990s the company continued to see a great deal of success. For instance in 1993 all domestic operations for the company was selected outstanding facilities of environmental management (History Hall Tour). In 1994 the company created the first 256M dram in the world and by 1996 the company had developed the first 1 G. dram in the world (History Hall Tour). By 2000 the company had created the world’s fastest memory chip and the smallest package of SRAMS in the world.

In years between 2001 and 2005 the company made several strides including beign named Best Company of the year by Global finance, the development of an environmentally friendly memory module, the sale pf LCD monitors, the development of the worlds largest digital monitor, created core memory chips for 3rd generation mobile phones, Positioned 2nd out of 500 global companies by the EuroMoney Magazine, Created the first-ever speech recognition phone, Developed the world’s first 70nm DRAM, and the company created the world’s fastest speed graphic DRAM (GDDR4) (Samsung Electronic Timeline History).

In the most recent years the company has brought many products to the market including mobile phones and MP3 Players. The company’s newest product is the Samsung Upstage. This device is a mobile phone and an audio player. One side of the device is an MP3 player while the other side of the device is a phone. It features a sleek design and all of the capabilities of a regular mobile phone.


Like Motorola and Samsung, Nokia is also a manufacturer of electronic devices. According to the company’s official website “The first Nokia century began with Fredrik Idestam’s paper mill on the banks of the Nokianvirta River. Between 1865 and 1967, the company would become a major industrial force; but it took a merger with a cable company and a rubber firm to set the new Nokia Corporation on the path to electronics (Story of Nokia).”

The Nokia Corporation was actually created in 1967 with the merger of the Nokia Ab, Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable (Story of Nokia). It was also during this year that the company moved into the development of mobile devices. During the 1970’s the company Mobira Oy is established as a joint venture between Nokia and the Finnish television maker Salora (Story of Nokia).

In 1981 the company developed the first international mobile phone network and the company also developed its first handheld phone. In addition, equipment developed by Nokia was utilized in the creation of the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) was adopted in 1987 as the European standard for digital mobile technology. This second generation mobile technology could carry data as well as voice traffic. GSM’s high-quality voice calls, easy international roaming and support for new services like text messaging (SMS) laid the foundations for a worldwide boom in mobile phone use. Nokia was in the vanguard of GSM’s development, delivering its first GSM network to the Finnish company Radiolinja in 1989. Nokia launched its first digital handheld GSM phone, the Nokia 1011, in 1992. By the end of the 1990s, Nokia had supplied GSM systems to more than 90 operators all over the world (First GSM Call).”

By the 1990s the company decided to wholly involve itself in the telecommunications industry. Nokia asserts that this was the most important decision made in the history of the company.

By 1992 the company had created its first headset. In addition, it established Nokia tune in 1994 and world’s first satellite call was also made using Nokia equipment during this same year. By 1998 Nokia was the world leader in mobile phones. In 2002, the company developed its first G3phone and in 2003 the company created a mobile gamer called the N-Gager. By 2005 the company sold 1 billion phones.


Verizon differs from Samsung, Motorola and Nokia because it actually provides the telecommunication services while the aforementioned companies provide the products that make these services possible. Verizon a New York-based company, was once known as Bell Atlantic Corporation, and was established in 1983. The name became Verizon Communications, Inc. In 2000 (Profile for Verizon Communications).

Verizon Communications provides many different communication services throughout the world. The company functions via two segments, Wireline and Domestic Wireless (Profile for Verizon Communications). The Wireline segment of the company provides both communications and information services to residential customers and small businesses (Profile for Verizon Communications). These services are inclusive of basic telecommunication service in addition to end-user contact (Profile for Verizon Communications). Within the Wireline segment the company also offers services such as call forwarding, caller id, and broadband with digital subscriber lines and fiber optics (Profile for Verizon Communications). The company also offers national and international long distance services. The company is also responsible for supplying wholesale services such as high-capacity, switched access, special access, unbundled network elements, high-speed digital services, in addition to interconnection services (Profile for Verizon Communications). This profile of Verizon communications also explains that, this segment markets voice, data, Internet communications services, private line, frame relay, ATM services, IP network services, wholesale local and long distance voice products, and wholesale data and Internet products, as well as private IP, IP VPN, Web hosting, and voice over Internet protocol to medium and large business customers, multi-national corporations, telecommunication carriers, and state and federal governments (Profile for Verizon Communications).”

Additionally, the Domestic Wireless segment provides customers with wireless voice services and wireless data services, including BroadbandAccess/NationalAccess, text and picture messaging, V Cast, and wireless solutions for businesses (Profile for Verizon Communications). This segment of the company is also responsible for the creation and offering of many different wireless devices (Profile for Verizon Communications).

As it relates to MP3 players and Mobile phones the company offers several phones with MP3 capabilities. In addition the company has a unique relationship with the music industry by offering customers music that is only available through V-cast.


T-Mobile is actually a business of Deutsche Telekom. According to a profile of the company, T-Mobile International manages Deutsche Telekom’s wireless operations (T-Mobile International Profile). These operations are inclusive of T-Mobile (UK), T-Mobile Deutschland, and T-Mobile Austria. Additionally, the profile explains that T-Mobile International also operates in the United States through the acquisition of VoiceStream Wireless and Powertel (T-Mobile International Profile). The company is now known as T-Mobile USA and has over 100 million subscribers in 12 markets (T-Mobile International Profile). These markets include Czech Republic, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Germany, Macedonia, the UK, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and America (T-Mobile International Profile).

Like Verizon, T-Mobile USA is responsible for providing telecommunications services. However, most of T-mobiles services are concentrated in the area of Mobile phones. T-Mobile came about in 1994 through the merger of General Cellular and Pacific Northwest Cellular (Company Information: Quick Facts). This company is then renamed Western Wireless and develops into a PCS provider for many western and southwestern states and the state of Hawaii. After a successful by Western Wireless experienced a successful public offering and the company became VoiceStream Wireless (Company Information: Quick Facts).

Today the company is an industry leader in mobile phone service (T-Mobile History). Although the company is relatively new when compared to many other companies it has experienced a great deal of success (T-Mobile History). This success includes the introduction of hotspots software in 2004 and the development of Smart Phones with Solutions in 2006 (T-Mobile History). The company operates throughout the world and has 29,000 employees (Company Information: Quick Facts). T-Mobile USA is currently headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.


Sprint Nextel came about as a merger of two great companies. Sprint was established in the 1899 by Cleyson Brown through the development of the Brown Telephone company (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). By the 1970’s the company had grown tremendously. The research asserts that in the 1980’s when long distance service became open to competition; the company did all it could to take advantage of the opportunity (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). As such by the year 1986 the company had emerged as the leading telecom company in the United States (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). Sprint was able to accomplish this by developing the first nationwide completely digital fiber optic network (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History).

Additionally, during this time Sprint became a leader in the area of data communications by developing the third largest commercial packet network in the world. The article explains further that Sprint charged into the 1990s with pacesetting moves for both consumers and businesses. The company that gave America pin-drop clarity also became a global leader in voice and data services. Then a new kind of telecom company emerged in 1993, when Sprint and Centel merged to become a unique provider of local, wireless and long distance services. Sprint took its wireless strategy a big step further in the late ’90s by building the only nationwide PCS network in the U.S. (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History).”

Fleet Net. was established in 1987 by Morgan O’Brien and renamed Nextel in 1993 (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). This company grew quickly and established itself as a nationwide leader in the sphere of wireless communications. In 1995, Nextel was on course to provide service to each of the nation’s top 50 markets (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History).

Since the compaby had established itself with a nationwide presence, it also wanted to demonstratethe capacity that the company had to innovate new products and services. To this end in 1996 the company introduced to the market the iDEN technology which was actually developed by Motorola (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). The iDEN technology was important because it was the first phone that combined enhanced digital cellular, two-way radio and text/numeric paging (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). Since that Time Nextel has worked diligently to develop greater products and services and to increase its market share (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History). By 2000, Nextel was a global company and developed an always-connected wireless data solution. The company also developed a Nationwide Direct Connect walkie-talkie service, and IP broadband access (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History).

In 20004 Sprint and Nextel announced plans to merge and by 2005 the SprintNextel company began to operate. Today the company utilizes the technologies that were devloped by both companies to offer customers unique products and services (MileStone Evants Making Sprint History).


Cingular also known as the new at&T is now the largest wireless carrier in the United States of America. Cingular actually purchased at&T wireless in 2004 in a $41 billion deal (Cingular Completes at&T Wireless Takeover). This deal was approved by the Justice Department and also forced Cingular and at&T Wireless to sell airwave licenses, customer contracts and additional assets in 11 states to guarantee that competitors can offer competing service (Cingular Completes at&T Wireless Takeover). This merger made Cingular the leader in the industry; this position had been held by Verizon Wireless (Cingular Completes at&T Wireless Takeover). In addition one profile of the company explains that after at&T merged with BellSouth in 2006, the #1 wireless voice and data carrier in the U.S. (which overtook Verizon Wireless in 2004 when former owners BellSouth and SBC Communications combined assets and acquired then rival at&T Wireless) is now solely owned by at&T. SBC became at&T Inc. In 2005 after its purchase of at&T Corp. (Cingular previously operated as a 60/40 joint venture between at&T and BellSouth.) in 2007 at&T commenced its rebranding initiative (with the tagline “Cingular is now the new at&T”) (att Mobility Company Profile).”

Currently the company has more that 62 million subscribers and provides customers with a plethora of wireless technologies and services (Cingular at a Glance). One of the primary services is mobile communications. The company works with many of the aforementioned manufacturers to present customers with unique technologies associated with cell phones and wireless devices (Cingular at a Glance). According to the company’s official website Cingular is dedicated to becoming the most respected wireless company in the world (Cingular at a Glance). The company is also dedicated to customers and the needs that they present (Cingular at a Glance).


The purpose of this discussion was to provide a history of Motorola, Samsung, Nokia, Verizon, T-Mobile, Sprint Nextel, and Cingular. This discussion also provided information concerning the MP3 and Mobile phones that these companies offer. The research found that Motorola, Samsung, and Nokia are primarily responsible for developing and manufacturing the technology that Verizon, T-mobile, Sprint Nextel and Cingular use to provide services. The research also indicates that all of these telecommunications companies have incorporated MP3 capabilities into the products that they offer. The research seems to indicate that the companies will continue to make advances in technology that will benefit a global community that is increasingly becoming more mobile.

In addition the research found that this industry appears to be extremely susceptible to mergers as seen with SprintNextel and Cingular and at&T. These mergers seem to produce extremely strong companies that can offer customers a range of specialized products.


ATT Mobility Company Profile.

Cingular at a Glance.

Cingular Completes at&T Wireless Takeover.

Company Information: Quick Facts.

First GSM Call.

History Hall Tour.

MileStone Evants Making Sprint History

Motorola History.

MOTORAZR â„¢ Maxx Ve.

Profile for Verizon Communications.

Samsung Electronic Timeline History.

Story of Nokia.

T-Mobile History.

T-Mobile International Company Profile.

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