The Gastrointestinal Problems in Autism



Gastrointestinal Problems in Autism

Camila Tolon Soler

Florida International University


Gastrointestinal Problems in Autism

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit more gastrointestinal (GI) problems than other people due to the bacterias’ differences in their gastrointestinal tracts. Autistic patients display various health-related issues such as mood disorders, epilepsy, intellectual disability, anxiety, and gastrointestinal abnormalities. Intensive research is conducted on GI in autistic patients and the risk factors attached, mostly if poorly managed. One of the reasons the gastrointestinal problem is of particular interest to the research related to ASD is their correlation to the intensity of behavioral abnormalities observed in autistic patients and its high prevalence rate among individuals with ASD (Elaine, 2014). Some of the most common gastrointestinal problems reported in individuals with autism are diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, bloody stools, bloating, and heartburn. The correlation of gastrointestinal problems and ASD problem behaviors differ between young and older children with autistic disorders. It is vital to understand these differences to mold the future treatments of autistic people. Older children with greater anxiety often displayed lower GI problems such as diarrhea and constipation. However, in younger children (2-5years), the aggressive behaviors were linked to upper GI issues that included stomach aches, nausea, and heartburns.

Treatment of Gastrointestinal Problems in ASD Individuals


Probiotics have been reported to reduce the effects of gastrointestinal problems in autistic individuals. There is a range of factors for consideration while using probiotics to treat GI problems in individuals with autism. Parents or guardians of autistic individuals should make an effort to consult with a dietary counselor to determine the provision of the required nutritional elements regardless of the restrictive diet (Madra, Ringel & Margolis, 2020). It is significant as it ensures the continued normal growth and development of the patient since caseinate and gluten foods are vital sources of zinc, vitamin D, and calcium. There should also be structured measures set in place for the evaluation of the autistic individual’s response to this new dietary practice. It should enhance the improvement of specific behaviors displayed in the child, such as refusal to socialize, angry outbursts, and sleeping challenges during the night (Madra, Ringel & Margolis, 2020). There should also be the recruitment of babysitters or therapists to aid in monitoring the autistic individuals. They should mainly note the targeted behaviors and record their observations to facilitate an accurate evaluation of the progress.

Casein-and Gluten-free Dietary Consumption

There have been reported cases of reducing GI problems in autistic individuals due to meals free of gluten and casein. Gluten-free/casein-free diet (GFCF)is considered an alternative in the treatment of GI in individuals with autistic disorders. This measure’s implementation follows that the parents/guardians of the autistic individuals eliminate the foods that contain casein (dairy products and milk) and gluten-loaded foods (barley, rye, wheat). Some of the areas of improvement observed after implementing this treatment measure are reduced hyperactivity, clearance of eczema, better sleep patterns, reduced disruptive behaviors, better cognitive abilities, and enhanced linguistic expression. According to recent research studies, dairy inhibits folate receptors (Elaine, 2014). Most autistic disorders have been found to have autoantibodies that hinder the folate from flowing into the cerebral fluid. Their folate rate in the body is in the minimum range, and dairy products can worsen this complication. There is folic acid in gluten food products, which refers to the synthetic formed from oxidized folate. Research indicates that most autistic individuals have genetic polymorphisms that disrupt the utilization of folic acid. The folic acid floats around the blood, raising the susceptibility of folate receptors blockage.



Elaine, H. (2014). Gastrointestinal Issues in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Havard Review of Psychiatry, 22(2), pp. 104-111. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000029

Madra, M., Ringel, R. & Margolis, K. G. (2020). Gastrointestinal issues and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, 29(3), pp. 501-513.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper