Understand the legal requirements and guidance on safeguarding

Understand the legal requirements and guidance on safeguarding in early years settings.

  • Analyze legal requirements and guidance relating to the safeguarding of children (100 words)

A legal requirement relating to safeguarding the children in The Children’s Act 2004. This act ensures that local authorities and professionals work in an appropriate way with children, young people and families to promote child safety and protection.

Legal requirement guidance on safeguarding are;

  • Authorities must promote the welfare of children.
  • Authorities must promote the upbringing of children and assess a child’s need.
  • Care and supervision must be enforced to protect the safety of all children.
  • Any child without a parent or guardian or a place to call home should be provided for shelter (Johnson, 2019)

 

1.2       Evaluate the impact of legal requirements and guidance on own role (100 words)

Own role should be in understanding the policies and procedures that guide the safeguarding in early years. This should be the understanding of The children’s Act 2004 and the repercussion measures that can be enforced if this the child’s right is not applied.

Reporting measures enforced should be internally and externally depending on the severity of the issue. Whistle-blowing procedure too is an area that should be trained on to all professionals. Attending trainings and sharing concerns about child, family or colleague to the right person this could include the guardians, family members, children officer or law enforcemen

Explain children’s right to be safe, with reference to:

According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 54, children rights are a fundamental human right. These rights entail;

  • Prevention of children from neglect and illnesses, ensuring that children are protected from illness causing environments. While taking extra precaution to children abled differently.
  • Provision of primary all-rounded education to all children.
  • Protection from abuse, neglect and exploitation by ensuring that, children live in a calm, drug-free and peaceful community.
  • Allowing children to participate in decisions that affect them.
  • Provision of basic needs these are food, shelter and healthcare.

(UNHCR)

(100 words)

 

1.3b – • duty of care (100 words)

Explain how you are responsible to promote the best interest of the child in your care.

I am responsible for promoting the best interest of the child in my care by ensuring that I help and protect the child’s welfare. This includes protecting the child from any sort of maltreatment, prevent deterioration of the child’s development and health and ensuring that the child grows up in a safe environment with adequate care. Also by, taking any action whenever necessary to enable that the child has the best outcome, ensure that the child’s rights are enforced all round whenever the child is at, whether in school, playground, and church or at the community the child lives in.

1.3c – • safe recruitment (100 words)

Safe recruitment is the way each person is hired including clear DBS check and references

1.3d – • Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) (100 words)

EYFS framework is setting clear guidance on how child safety must be monitored and followed. All schools and registered early years providers must follow the EYFS. Areas of learning through EYFS include; physical development, literacy, communication and language, mathematics, personal social and emotional development, artistic arts and music, and understanding the world.

EYFS the child’s progress is reviewed by an early year’s practitioner when the child is between age 2 & 3. Assessment is done by the class teacher when the child turns 5 years and is based on classroom observations, and it does not allow the child to be tested.

 

2.1a – Explain own responsibilities in relation to: • confidentiality of information

When dealing with children or in child care programs, the confidentiality of information is of utmost importance. It is my responsibility to protect the privacy of the children, building trust managing sensitive information. This information is most important when it relates to health or safety concerns so it should be stored in utmost confidentiality and should be shared only when necessary. It my responsibility to make the child feel safe and protected from any harm that might arise from the information shared, so it is vital to maintain high levels of confidentiality by not sharing any information to any third party.

 

2.1b – • safeguarding

My responsibilities in safeguarding include working together with my institution to prevent and protect children from any risk, abuse or neglect that might arise while ensuring their well-being is being promoted. I am responsible for providing care, support and safety to the children. I am also responsible for reporting, confirming and investigating any form of abuse that might arise while ensuring utmost protection of children’s rights.

Creating an environment where children feel safe to learn, play and grow while feeling comfortable in their surroundings. I am responsible for making the children know they can approach me anytime with any problem.

 

2.1c – • promoting the welfare of children

By teaching the children to protect themselves by avoiding talking strangers by teaching the children code words, they should ask the stranger to confirm if what they say is accurate, and only speak to the stranger who gives them the correct code word. Explain to the child that some actions even from their parents, teachers, relatives or caregivers are inappropriate, such as inappropriate touching and should be reported. Do capacity building trainings to help children discover themselves. Read stories to them on how they can be safe in any environment. And be a good role model for the children. (100 words)

 

2.1d – • protection of self and others

What is whistle-blowing and how you will follow good practice in your setting protecting yourself and others (100 words)

Whistle-blowing is the act of telling authorities or the public on any illegal activity, abuse of power, mismanagement, discrimination or sexual harassment.

I will protect myself and others, especially the children by making everyone away of their rights and if they feel or see that their rights are being abused in any way, they should make a follow-up report. It is also important to tell everyone that it is okay to scream for help when one is in trouble and that if someone blackmails them into harming them, they should not be afraid to talk to someone.

2.3       Explain why it is important to ensure children are protected from harm within the work setting (100 words)

Practitioners who deal with children have a legal obligation to ensure that children’s physical and emotional safety are protected within the work setting. This will ensure the well-being, physical and emotional development of the children as they are growing up. It is also essential to protect the children from harm within the work setting because it is a fundamental human right, and no child should be denied their rights. Practitioners have an obligation to protect children as it is their duty given to them by their parents. All children have the right to safety, and no one should deny them that right.

 

3.1       Explain the different types of abuse (100 words)

Physical abuse is when the child is hurt or injured, it could be from punching, slapping, suffocating, kicking, strangling, cutting etc.

Emotional abuse this when the child is verbally abused like shouting at the child, threatening the child, blaming, ignoring the child, manipulating the child to do something threatening them, using words or actions that belittle children, neglecting the child, name-calling, yelling, insulting child because their appearance, assassinating the child because of his or her character.

Sexual abuse is categorized when a child is raped or forced to do sexual acts. Indecent touching is also considered as sexual abuse.

 

3.2      Explain indicators of types of abuse

            Type of abuse Indicator
Physical abuse –          Injuries.

–          Unexplained bruises.

–          Excessive crying.

–          Changes in behaviour a child who had good behaviour suddenly has terrible behaviour.

–          Poor physical health.

–          Poor hygiene.

–          Withdrawal from interests.

–          Bite marks.

–          Burns.

–          A child always wearing fully covering clothes.

Emotional abuse –          Withdrawal from friends.

–          Withdrawal from one’s earlier interests.

–          Lack of concentration.

–          Over aggressiveness.

–          Drug and substances intake

–          Poor general hygiene

Sexual abuse –          Inappropriate interest in sexual matters

–          Unexplained fears.

–          Depression

–          Withdrawal

–          A decline in school performance

–          Excessive crying

–          Inappropriate behaviours

 

 

Sudden unexplained changes in behaviour are also indicators of abuse.  (Cherry 2019)

(100 words)

 

3.3       Explain the importance of observing and reflecting on changes in children’s behaviour

(100 words)

It is crucial to observe and monitor children on their arrival, activities, what they are playing and how they are behaving; this makes it easier to see sudden behaviour changes in children. With consistent observing and reflecting on changes in the children’s behaviour, it will be straightforward to detect if a child is undergoing any type of abuse and precisely what type of abuse. Observing and reflecting on the change in children’s behaviour also helps understand any changes in behaviour giving reasons for follow-up on the behaviour, it also act as early monitoring indicators of any changes in children’s behaviour. (Jarrod)

 

3.4      Explain own setting’s procedure for passing on concerns about the practice of others that may impact on the welfare of children (100 words)

There are clear safeguarding policies and procedures in place to support children’s welfare; this includes a Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL). The DSL oversees the safety and protection of all children in their care and makes critical decisions over the concerns had by others. Clear procedure have been put in place for adults who have concerns about a child to take. This includes the completion of available green concern forms. These forms are available for all practitioners, parents, visitors or professionals to use. The information completed should be actual and credible, then handed to the DSL to act on the concern.

 

3.5      Explain how abuse can take place by a range of people who have contact with children (100 words)

Physical abuse can happen when a child is hit, kicked, punched, suffocated, slapped by either the parent, guardian, caregiver or member of the community the child lives in.

Emotional abuse happens when a parent, guardian, caregiver, church elder or a member or a member of the community shouts at the child, blames, manipulates the child to do something, ignores the child, neglects the child, insulting the child.

Sexual abuse is categorized when a child is raped or forced to do sexual acts and indecent touching. Parents, caregivers, guardians, teachers, church elders and church members, members of the community.

 

3.6      Explain why it is important to work with children to ensure they have strategies to protect themselves (100 words)

It helps the children gain the power of intuition; everyone feels uneasy and uncomfortable around some people. It is essential to teach the child to distrust people they feel uncomfortable around, giving the child courage to speak out if they feel threatened.

It helps builds the power of communication in a child, that a child can raise their voice, walk away from an uncomfortable situation when need be. Children are vulnerable, having strategies to protect themselves is a way of them safeguarding their children rights. Learning strategies to safeguard themselves builds the power to enable them to defend and protect themselves.

 

Lo        4          Understand how to respond to allegations that a child has been abused or harmed

4.1      Describe how to respond to concerns from colleagues, parents and/or careers that a child has been abused or harmed (100 words)

First, I would refrain from talking to the alleged perpetrator about the disclosure as this would make things worse for the child. Then, I would take time to speak to the child and listen to the whole ordeal through them. I will show great concern and give the child full attention while reading their body language and be understanding. Taking time to listen to the child and reflecting on what they said to make sure I got the right information. Lastly, make them understand that the abuse is not their fault, and they did the right thing opening up.

 

4.2       Explain why it is important to believe a child and avoid judgements (100 words)

It builds trust, and the child can open up with no fear of holding back any information. Believing in children helps the child gain confidence that he or she will get help. Judging the child makes them feel that the abuse was because of their fault. Children tend to withdraw information when they feel like they are being judged.

A child gains trust and a sense of belonging when they sense that someone believes in them. It shows great concern and sense of empathy towards them, breading a sense of security, making children trust and open up easily.

 

4.3       Describe the roles and responsibilities of the organizations that may be involved when a child has been abused or harmed (100 words)

Learning institutions have the responsibility of safeguarding the children’s welfare. They are supposed to have their own policies and procedures for safeguarding the children’s rights. These policies should explain how children are vulnerable to risk, recognize the risk and how to cope with the risk. Teachers should be able to identify any risk that a child might be suffering from. All concerns should be dealt upon and raised to the children protection office or social services if need be. Learning institutions have the mandate to pay close attention, ensuring any negative change on the child is raised as a concern.

 

4.4       Explain how agencies work together to develop policies and procedures for safeguarding (100 words)

Agencies are responsible for identifying any risk they oversee can affect a child and raise the issue to other agencies for discussion on how to counteract the risk and safeguard the children. The agencies should be responsible for making sure learning institutions and child based institutions uphold the rights of children and protect the children from all harm, threats and abuses that may occur.

These agencies are also responsible for capacity building sessions that involve the children and guardians, and other agencies working with children. This should ensure that all parties involved know what is expected of each of them.

 

5.1       Explain the processes used by own setting

 

to comply with data protection and information handling legislation (100 words)

This can be achieved by ensuring the confidentiality of all information given whether it is by the child, guardian, parent or teacher. This should be enforced to ensure the protection of any information available. This process will involve gathering information from based parties, making copies of the information for safekeeping. Also, the agencies involved should be notified of the incidence going on.

All parties involved should be ensured of utmost confidentiality, should also take an oath of secrecy of not leaking the information to a third party. Proper coordination of all activities undertaken during this process should follow all policies and guidelines.

 

5.2       Explain when information can be shared in relation to safeguarding (100 words)

Confidentiality and data protection are essential in regards to information safeguarding. This is achieved by safekeeping of all information collected while ensuring that confidentiality is not broken under any circumstance. All information obtained must be kept safe and disclosed only when needed. This information can only be shared when the law is involved, and all parties need to know all information regarding the case at hand, only then can all information be shared. Confidentiality can be broken here as all information required must be given to ensure every party is at par to all that is happening and required.

 

6.3       Explain how children’s resilience and well-being are supported in own work setting (100 words)

Children’s resilience and well-being are supported in own work setting by ensuring that children’s welfare are taken care of. Ensuring that the rights of children are being observed. Proper coordination of all activities the children undertake is also essential.

Ensure that the children stay in a safe and secure environment away from any harm, risk or abuse that might come their way. Listening to children will also support their well-being. Keeping a close eye on the children and talking to them to ensure they are not undergoing any type of abuse and encouraging the children to always open up and talk.

 

6.4       Identify own setting’s reporting procedure for poor practice or safety concerns (100 words)

The availability of a Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) is vital for reporting poor practice or safety concerns. The Designated Safeguarding Lead oversees the safety and protection of all children in their care. Clear procedures have been put in place for any reporting needed; this includes forms that are available for all any reporting required. The information completed should be actual and credible, then handed to the Designated Safeguarding Lead to act on the concern.  The Designated Safeguarding Lead coordinates with the relevant agencies and acts on the related concerns. Feedback is given after all relevant information is made available.

References

Johnson, Eve June 26, 2019. Legislation and policies that surround safeguarding children https://cpdonline.co.uk/knowledge-base/safeguarding/legislation-safeguarding-children/ Accessed on May 18 2020

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the child uk/what-we-do/childrens-rights/united-nations-convention-of-the-rights-of-the-child”>https://www.savethechildren.org.uk/what-we-do/childrens-rights/united-nations-convention-of-the-rights-of-the-child

Department for Education. (2017). Statutory framework for the early years foundation stage: Setting the standards for learning, development and care for children from birth to five. Department for Education.

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/what-is-child-abuse/types-of-abuse/

Signs and Indicators of Abuse https://greatermanchesterscb.proceduresonline.com/chapters/p_signs_and_ind.html#indicators

Child Protection http://det.wa.edu.au/childprotection/detcms/inclusiveeducation/child-protection/public/recognising-abuse/indicators-of-abuse.en?cat-id=1337568&page=3#toc3

Cherry, Kendra November 24, 2019 Sudden Behavioral Changes and Warning Signs in Children https://www.verywellfamily.com/child-behavioral-warning-signs-to-watch-for-2794959

Jarrod, Green Observation: 2020 The Key to Understanding Your Child https://www.naeyc.org/our-work/families/observation-key-to-understanding-your-child

Recognizing and responding to abuse. January 28, 2020, uk/child-abuse-and-neglect/recognising-and-responding-to-abuse“>https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/child-abuse-and-neglect/recognising-and-responding-to-abuse

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